Eastern Florida NUR3164 Assignment 2 Part 1 Latest 2019 March NUR3164 Introduction to Nursing Research and Health Informatics Assignment 2 Part 1

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Eastern Florida NUR3164 Assignment 2 Part 1 Latest 2019 March NUR3164 Introduction to Nursing Research and Health Informatics Assignment 2 Part 1

Ladies and gentlemen ~ Learning to ask the
right question is half of the battle of finding the answers you are looking
for. We will start identifying how to
find best practice/evidence-based practice (EBP) utilizing a PICO format which
includes the population, intervention, comparison, and outcome of the chosen
topic/research article. Make sure you’ve
done your reading in Foundations of Nursing Research. It will talk you through
the process.

Identify a PICO formatted question on a
topic you wish to explore. Then respond
to at least 2 others in helping them formulate their question. This type of brainstorming takes place with
mentors, peers, and researchers ~ begin the development of this type of
relationships here.

PICO Question Template Examples:
There are different kinds of questions so choose your format accordingly

It can be helpful to classify your question
based on the clinical domain(s) it falls under.

See below for definitions, PICO templates,
and example questions from the primary clinical domains: intervention,
diagnosis, etiology, prevention, prognosis/prediction, quality of life/meaning,
and therapy.


Questions addressing the treatment of an
illness or disability.

In _________ (P), how does _________ (I)
compared to _________(C) affect _______(O) within _______ (T)?

In _______(P), what is the effect of
_______(I) on ______(O) compared with _______(C) within ________ (T)?

In African American female adolescents with hepatitis B (P), how does
acetaminophen (I) compared to ibuprofen (C) affect liver function (O)? (Time is


Questions addressing the act or process of
identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through

Are (is) _________ (I) more accurate in
diagnosing ________ (P) compared with ______ (C) for _______ (O)?

In ________ (P) are/is ________(I) compared
with ________(C) more accurate in diagnosing ________(O)?

Example: Is a PKU test (I) done on two week
old infants (P) more accurate in diagnosis inborn errors in metabolism (O)
compared with PKU tests done at 24 hours of age (C)? Time is implied in two
weeks and 24 hours old.

In middle-aged men with suspected
myocardial infarction (P), are serial 12-lead ECGs (I) compared with one initial
12-lead ECG (C) more accurate in diagnosing an acute myocardial infarction (O)?


Questions addressing the causes or origin
of disease, the factors that produce or predispose toward a certain disease or

Are ____ (P) who have _______ (I) at ___
(Increased/decreased) risk for/of_______ (O) compared with ______ (P)
with/without ______ (C) over _____ (T)?

Are ______(P) who have ______(I) compared
with those without _______(C) at ________ risk for/of _______ (O) over

Example: Are kids (P) who have obese
adoptive parents (I) at Increased risk for obesity (O) compared with kids (P)
without obese adoptive parents (C) during the ages of five and 18 (T)?

Example: Are 30- to 50- year old women (P)
who have high blood pressure (I) compared with those without high blood
pressure (C)at increased risk for an acute myocardial infarction (O) during the
first year after hysterectomy (T)?


Questions on how to reduce the chance of
disease by identifying and modifying risk factors and how to diagnose disease
early by screening.

For ________ (P) does the use of ______ (I)
reduce the future risk of ________ (O) compared with _________ (C)?

Example: In OR nurses doing a five minute
scrub (P) what are the differences in the presence and types of microbes (O)
found on natural polished nails and nail beds (I) and artificial nails (C) at
the time of surgery (T)?


Questions addressing the prediction of the
course of a disease.

Does __________ (I) influence ________ (O)
in patients who have _______ (P) over ______ (T)?

In _______ (P), how does ________ (I)
compared to ________ (C) influence _________ (O) over _________ (T)?

Example: Does telelmonitoring blood
pressure (I) in urban African Americans with hypertension (P) improve blood
pressure control (O) within the six months of initiation of the medication (T)?

Example: For patients 65 years and older
(P), how does the use of an influenza vaccine (I) compared to not received the
vaccine (C) influence the risk of developing pneumonia (O) during flu season

Quality of Life/Meaning

Questions addressing how one experiences a

How do ________ (P) diagnosed with _______
(I) perceive ______ (O) during _____ (T)?

Example: How do pregnant women (P) newly
diagnosed with diabetes (I) perceive reporting their blood sugar levels (O) to
their healthcare providers during their pregnancy and six weeks postpartum (T)?


Questions around how to select treatments
to offer our patients that do more good than harm and that are worth the
efforts and costs of using them.

In _______(P), what is the effect of
_______(I) on ______(O) compared with _______(C) within ________ (T)?

Example: What is the duration of recovery
(O) for patients with total hip replacement (P) who developed a post-operative
infection (I) as opposed to those who did not (C) within the first six weeks of
recovery (T)?

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